Ten minimum proposals

Havana, Cuba, Site for the peace talks, July 29, 2013

Political participation for real democratization,

peace with social justice and national reconciliation

Ten minimum proposals for full guarantees of the exercise of

political and social opposition and the right to govern

In developing the proposals for political participation for real democratization, peace with social justice and national reconciliation, we present the following set of initiatives corresponding to the second point concerning full Guarantees for the exercise of political and social opposition and the right to govern:

1. The issuing of the Statute of political and social opposition.

2. Special recognition of political and social opposition and the right to govern.

3. Full guarantees for the exercise of political and social opposition.

4. Special State funding of political parties and political and social movements.

5. An electoral threshold and other rights of the opposition.

6. Participation of the political opposition in the National Electoral Council.

7. Extraordinary Measures for the participation of excluded social sectors and minorities.

8. A state institutional guarantor for the right to political and social opposition and military doctrine.

9. Effective commitment by the State to the eradication and banning of all paramilitarism and every illegal practice of counterinsurgency.

10. Comprehensive reparation measures for the genocide against the Uni贸n Patri贸tica (Patriotic Union) and the extermination of other opposition forces.

2.1. Issuing of the Statute of political and social opposition

In response, among others, to the political right to participate in the establishment, exercise and control of political power, the right to form parties, political movements and political groupings without limitation, to join them and circulate their ideas and programs, freedom of expression and dissent, political pluralism and tolerance, to social and popular political action through protest and mobilisation, the need for a political culture for the peaceful resolution of disputes and the obligation on the State to ensure deliberative and public political dialogue with their opponents, the Statute of political and social opposition will be issued. The institutional organization of the right to political and social opposition, as well as their recognition and guarantees, are a pillar of the democratic organization of society and the State, its political and representational system and of the peaceful process for political and social conflict.

2.2. Special recognition of political and social opposition and the right to govern

With the understanding that the exercise of politics is not limited to participation in the political and electoral system, in addition to the forms of opposition political parties and the political and social movements, all those pertaining to the action of social and popular movements will be recognised, in accordance with all their forms of mobilization and platforms for struggle. Opposition is understood to be every action of dissent, criticism and oversight of policies, plans, programs and government projects, and the administration and management of government, exercised through the political system and by representation, or by protest, mobilization and direct social and popular action. The exercise of opposition is deemed to be a fundamental political right, which will take place freely and with full guarantees; it implies the possibility of raising different political alternatives to the incumbent governments and demanding of these the redefining and reorienting their policies. The institutional organization of the right to political and social opposition presumes the distinction between forms of political opposition exercised within the political and representative system and the forms of opposition exerted outside it. Political parties and political and social movements who want to formally declare opposition will be recorded as such in the National Electoral Council. The formal condition of opposition involves effective guarantees for the exercise of the right to opposition. Other mechanisms will be enabled, with the same guarantees, to give institutional recognition to other forms of political and social opposition. The right to political and social opposition is exercised at all levels of territorial organization without prejudice to the right to social and political participation. The right to political and social opposition includes the right to govern.

2.3. Full guarantees for the exercise of political and social opposition

In addition to the corresponding security guarantees, the right to political and social opposition includes, among others, the right to free and timely access to official information, access to State media or those that make use of the electromagnetic spectrum, the right to a reply and the obligation to rectify, and the definition of mechanisms for monitoring the effective enjoyment of this right. There will be the right of reply when the President of the Republic or members of the National Government make statements that undermine the good name of the parties or political and social movements of the opposition, or the dignity of their leaders, and the same if they have been disclosed in social media, which use the electromagnetic spectrum. Political parties and political and social movements represented in parliament that are formally declared in opposition, must have their effective participation in shaping boards and committees of Congress recognized and have the last word before the conclusion of debates of Congress, participation in the monitoring and control of electoral processes, prior consultation in the event of national political issues such as foreign affairs, national defense and security or the administration of justice.

2.4. Special State funding of political parties and political and social movements

Without prejudice to the mechanisms of state funding of political parties and political and social movements, with a view to ensuring the effective enjoyment of the real, material right to political and social opposition, there will be additional state funding. Such funding has the function of providing conditions for qualifying the exercise of opposition activity through the analysis and research of official information and of plans and policies. Additional resources to be provided are to be equivalent to ten percent of total public resources allocated to the funding of political parties and political and social movements.

2.5. Electoral threshold and other rights of the opposition

In order to effectively guarantee the rights of the opposition and political minorities, the recognition of the legal status of political parties and political and social movements who opt to engage in politics within the political and representative system, shall not be subject to the achievement of a given electoral threshold. For the purposes of recognizing the relevant personality, it will suffice to register the political program and statutes of their respective collective entity. Other rights of the opposition and minorities will be recognised: the opposition will have a seat on the Advisory Committee on Foreign Affairs, a representative on the Board of the Bank of the Republic, the candidates for the offices of President and Vice President, Governor, District and Municipal Mayor for the Party, political and social movement, declared in opposition who continue to be voted in by the electoral organization that declared them elected for those responsibilities, will occupy a seat in the Senate, Territorial House, the Assembly, District Council and Council Municipal, respectively, during the period for which it was the appropriate election.

2.6. Participation of the political opposition in the National Electoral Council

Notwithstanding the procedure of election of the members of the National Electoral Council, within its composition the participation of representatives of political and social opposition will be ensured. To this end, it will be assigned a fixed number of the members who make up the corporation.

2.7. Extraordinary measures for participation of excluded and minority social sectors

Qualification for the right to political and social opposition must be accompanied by recognition and respect for the political rights of excluded social sectors and minorities. The opposition activities of peasant, indigenous and African descent, as well as women, youth and the LGBTI community will be respected, recognized and have guarantees provided for them. A special fund to meet its funding requirements will be created. It will comply with the terms of the Copenhagen Convention of December 18, 1979 and the quota law, and will expand the participation of women and youth in senior posts such as politicians, decision makers and in state management.

2.8. A state institutional guarantor for the right to political and social opposition and military doctrine

Relevant state institutions will be organized to ensure in an effective, real and material manner the right to political and social opposition. The establishment of such institutions will include the enactment of special legislation including criminal policy for the prohibition of patronage, corrupt, criminal and mafia practices that permeate the political and representative system, the electoral system, and the various public authorities, eroding their credibility and transparency and generating powers supported by the buying votes and the exercise of violence. In particular, they will provide guarantees against the stigmatization and criminalization of social and political opposition, as well as individual and collective security guarantees for political parties and political and social movements formally declared in opposition as well as for the mobilization and direct social, popular action, its leaders and participants.

The State security policy and military and police doctrine will be reformulated to remove the contents of the "cold war", expressed by, among other things, surveillance and illegal wiretaps and the concept of the persecution of and fight against the "internal enemy". Instead, they will promote a new political culture in all public officials to recognize and respect the opposition and its rights, with the aim of the peaceful regulation of political and social conflicts.

2.9. Effective government commitment to the eradication and banning of all paramilitarism and every illegal practice of counterinsurgency

The national government will be committed to the effective dismantling and the real and material proscription of the paramilitaries' structures and any illegal counterinsurgency practices that prevent the free exercise of the rights of the political and social opposition. By 鈥減aramilitary structure鈥 it is meant a complex criminal organization with counterinsurgency functions, defined in the broadest sense, conceived within the practices of State terrorism, military and police forces, sponsored and/or funded by public officials, economic groups, transnational corporations, landlords and landowners, drug dealers and gangsters aimed at obtaining political, economic and territorial power by the use of violence and physical extermination against political opponents, political parties, social movements, their members and sympathizers or against forms of opposition expressed at protests, social and popular direct action mobilizations, their leaders and participants, including the indiscriminate use of violence against the population. In addition to the enactment of a policy aimed specifically for that purpose and the cleansing of public authorities permeated by those offending forces, a Commission for Historical Truth will be formed to clarify their crimes; it will be attended by representatives of the political and social opposition and the movement of the victims. The said Commission shall perform additional monitoring functions of government policy in this area and ensure violations are not repeated.

2.10. Comprehensive reparation measures for the genocide against the Uni贸n Patri贸tica (Patriotic Union) and the extermination of other opposition forces

The Commission for Historical Truth into State terrorism will have as one of its specific functions the clarification of the genocide against the Uni贸n Patri贸tica, the crimes against their members and supporters, the extermination of other opposition political forces and the forced disappearance or assassination of militants, sympathizers and leaders of protests and social and popular mobilizations. It shall repair and provide comprehensive guarantees of non-repetition. In the case of the Uni贸n Patri贸tica, compensation also includes, through the enactment of a special law, the express and specific recognition of state responsibility to the public and to international community opinion, and the return of their seats attained at the height of greatest representation at all legislative levels. All of this will take place in a ceremony of public recognition, with extensive coverage in the media. The State must also undertake the reconstruction of its historical memory.

PEACE DELEGATION OF THE FARC-EP


EN EL PAPEL DE ABOGADO DEL DIABLO

Por: Juli谩n Cortes

Esta vez voy a hacer el papel de abogado del diablo.

A prop贸sito del caso del joven Salamanca quien mat贸 a dos j贸venes y dej贸 gravemente herido al conductor de un taxi por conducir en estado de embriaguez, y al cual la jueza dej贸 en libertad con el argumento de que no representa un peligro para la sociedad y de que no es necesario para esclarecer los hechos que permanezca recluido en una c谩rcel como medida preventiva. Debo decir que la jueza tiene toda la raz贸n, pues el c贸digo penal prev茅 este mecanismo, entre otros, como la vigilancia electr贸nica y la prisi贸n domiciliaria. El problema real desde mi punto de vista es que los jueces colombianos no aplican el mismo rasero para medir y juzgar a todos los presuntos infractores de la ley, de la misma manera con que trata a quienes tienen medios econ贸micos para pagar un buen abogado o, en el peor de los casos, para pasarle fajos de dinero por debajo de su escritorio. LEER MAS:

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DIEZ PROPUESTAS MINIMAS

Diez propuestas m铆nimas de Garant铆as plenas para el ejercicio de la oposici贸n pol铆tica y social y del derecho a ser gobierno

30 Julio 2013

En desarrollo de las propuestas para la Participaci贸n pol铆tica para la democratizaci贸n real, la paz con justicia social y la reconciliaci贸n nacional, se presenta el siguiente conjunto de iniciativas correspondiente al segundo punto sobre Garant铆as plenas para el ejercicio de la oposici贸n pol铆tica y social y del derecho a ser gobierno. LEER MAS:

Download File DIEZ PROPUESTAS MINIMAS.doc
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BOLETIN CREANDO PUENTES


El bolet铆n informativo 鈥淵o te quiero libre鈥 surge de la necesidad de difusi贸n de informaci贸n libre de tergiversaciones o manipulaciones medi谩ticas sobre la vida y situaci贸n carcelarias de lxs prisionerxs pol铆ticxs del mundo, as铆 como el trabajo de solidaridad con la causa de lxs presxs pol铆ticxs que desarrollan diferentes organizaciones, entre las que se haya nuestra campa帽a 鈥淐reando Puentes de Solidaridad鈥, que tiene como principal objetivo derrumbar los muros del silencio y construir puentes de intercambio epistolar y de libros con lxs presxs pol铆ticxs. Tambi茅n es un medio de denuncia ante las injusticias cometidas contra estxs luchadorxs a Marzo-Abril de 2013 lxs que tratan de acallar entre rejas. LEER MAS:

Download File BOLETIN 1 Creando Puentes.pdf
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Por un cambio real

Colombia tiene 5 prisioneros pol铆ticos presos en mazmorras del extranjero. Son luchadores populares. Cuatro de ellos son integrantes de las FARC- EP. Tres enviados por el narco-paramilitar Uribhitler y 芦 Sancho 禄 Santos. Los casos de Sim贸n Trinidad, Sonia e Iv谩n Vargas son muestra de c贸mo es la 芦 justicia 禄 estadounidense. El 4o es Juli谩n Conrado, preso en Venezuela por las autoridades bolivarianas, quien est谩 a la espera de una petici贸n de asilo dado su estado de salud. LEER MAS:

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[1,282.8kb]


DELEGACION DE PAZ DE LAS FARC-EP

La Habana, Cuba, sede de los di谩logos de paz, julio 28 de 2013

El optimismo de los colombianos en la posibilidad real de lograr la reconciliaci贸n nacional, sobre bases de justicia social, no puede ser atropellado por quienes, mientras lanzan al mundo discursos de paz, persisten en mantener y profundizar las causas de la confrontaci贸n, una de las cuales es sin duda el problema de la tenencia y uso de la tierra.

De nada servir铆a hablar en La Habana de la limitaci贸n de la propiedad de la tierra, del freno a su extranjerizaci贸n, de su formalizaci贸n a favor de los pobres y de la soberan铆a nacional, si el gobierno convierte lo acordado en palabras vac铆as que se las lleva el viento.

La inaplazable reforma agraria ligada al anhelo de paz, no puede quedar reducida a una burla de poderosos grupos econ贸micos, banqueros y propietarios de emporios azucareros que posan de 鈥渘uevos llaneros鈥, con 鈥渞epentinas鈥 ansias de tierra, que avanzan poniendo por delante a abogados tramposos y mafiosos que operan bajo el manto de la m谩s descarada impunidad y protecci贸n gubernamental.

Como se deduce del tratamiento infame que se le est谩 dando a las justas protestas de los pobladores del Catatumbo, al gobierno no le interesa defender al campesino pobre, sino los sacrosantos derechos del capital. Hasta se ha inventado un nuevo proyecto de ley, como supuesta soluci贸n salom贸nica, para que los forajidos enmascarados que ostentan un gran m煤sculo financiero y han actuado con probado ingenio delictuoso en sus labores de acaparamiento de tierras y Unidades Agr铆colas Familiares, no vayan a perder su inversi贸n.

驴Acaso vamos a permitir que la sentencia de la Corte Constitucional que tumb贸 los art铆culos 60, 61 y 62 del Plan Nacional de Desarrollo, que pretend铆a abrirle paso al acaparamiento de las tierras por parte de grandes empresarios, sea escamoteada por el Bufete de abogados de la firma Brigard y Urrutia que trabaja para Riopaila Castilla S.A., Cargill, Fazenda y Sarmiento Angulo?

驴Vamos a permitir que por atajos y con triqui帽uelas empresarios ap谩tridas y trasnacionales representados en Poligrow, Cementos Argos, M贸nica Semillas o Inversiones Manuelita, montados en la llamada 鈥渓ocomotora de la prosperidad鈥 violen todas las prohibiciones que existen para acumular bald铆os y atropellen impunemente las pocas normas decentes de la legislaci贸n colombiana, haci茅ndose a propiedades situadas en zonas donde se produjeron masacres y desplazamientos forzados, como si no pasara nada?

El pa铆s necesita saber, qui茅nes son esos 鈥渃ampesinos鈥 sospechosos que vendieron sus UAF de 1.100 hect谩reas a las trasnacionales, a mil millones de pesos, cada una. Urge conocer la verdad, porque la mayor铆a de esas tierras fueron despojadas violentamente por el paramilitarismo de Estado.

El gobierno en vez de inventarse trucos para feriar la Altillanura y legalizar los acaparamientos producidos antes de 1994, o los posteriores, en vez de reeditar su intento de tomar las UAF con el cuento de la 鈥渇lexibilizaci贸n necesaria鈥 y el argumento de que se requieren los 鈥渇avores鈥 de la inversi贸n extranjera o del m煤sculo financiero de 鈥渋nocentes empresarios 鈥 que no sab铆an que violaban la ley, debiera quitar el antifaz a estos negociantes, a sus testaferros y a sus notarios y jueces de bolsillo, para demostrar con hechos que no est谩 dispuesto a permitir que se acreciente la injusticia que ahoga al campo y la ilegalidad que ha capturado al Estado.

El gobierno est谩 obligado a defender la diafanidad de su compromiso con la paz propiciando que se devuelvan urgentemente las tierras acaparadas, como los subsidios y exenciones tributarias que fluyeron tambi茅n hacia estos timadores. La justica ejemplarizante contra estos sujetos y la reivindicaci贸n de los derechos de la gente del campo que clama por que se le formalice la tierra y sus zonas de reserva, hacen parte fundamental de la construcci贸n de paz.

Recordemos que el acuerdo parcial sobre tierras logrado en La Habana consigna textualmente, que: 鈥淓l gobierno nacional en concertaci贸n con las comunidades, y teniendo en cuenta lo planteado en los principios del presente acuerdo, promover谩 el acceso a la tierra y la planificaci贸n de su uso en las Zonas de Reserva Campesina, haciendo efectivo el apoyo a los planes de desarrollo de las zonas constituidas y de las que se constituyan en respuesta a las iniciativas de las comunidades y organizaciones agrarias que 茅stas consideren representativas, de manera que cumplan con el prop贸sito de promover la econom铆a campesina鈥 se promover谩 la participaci贸n activa de las comunidades que habitan en las Zonas de Reserva Campesina en la ejecuci贸n de sus planes de desarrollo鈥.

Y m谩s adelante plantea que: 鈥淟a constituci贸n de las zonas estar谩 acompa帽ada de procesos de formalizaci贸n de la propiedad鈥 Con el prop贸sito de regularizar y proteger los derechos de la peque帽a y mediana propiedad rural, es decir, garantizar los derechos de los leg铆timos due帽os y poseedores de la tierra鈥, y como garant铆a contra el despojo de cualquier tipo, el gobierno nacional formalizar谩 progresivamente, con sujeci贸n al ordenamiento constitucional y legal, todos los predios que ocupan o poseen los campesinos en Colombia鈥.

Es hora de empezar a cumplir y dejar de reprimir. Es extra帽o que este asunto lo maneje el ministerio de Defensa -que s贸lo mira con el ojo de la consolidaci贸n militar- y no el ministerio de agricultura. Es hora de abandonar el argumento rebuscado de que no se dar谩 paso a la Zona de Reserva Campesina del Catatumbo por su ubicaci贸n geogr谩fica colindante con la Rep煤blica Bolivariana de Venezuela.

DELEGACI脫N DE PAZ DE LAS FARC-EP